When John Singer Sargent was living in France he painted the society beauty, Virginie Gautreau  - after which, when  he showed that portrait at the Salon of 1884, he had high hopes of being hailed as the darling of the Parisian artworld.  
Virginie was an American who had married a wealthy French banker, and Sargent wrote to a friend at the time – “I have a great desire to paint her portrait and have reason to think she would allow it and is waiting for someone to propose this homage to her beauty. If you are ‘bien avec elle’ and will see her in Paris, you might tell her I am a man of prodigious talent.”

In the June of 1883, the prodigiously talented young man was invited to Virginie’s estate in Brittany where many preparatory sketches were made. For the final portrait, Sargent worked on a very large canvas – almost seven feet (2 meters) tall - hoping that way to ensure the greatest attention for his work. 
The result was derision and scandal, and what drew the greatest attention by far was the fact that, in the original painting, one strap of Virginie’s gown was shown as having fallen away, suggesting an air of decadence and sexual availability.
The model thought the work a masterpiece but her mother demanded it never be shown, and with Salon members so outraged Sargent repainted his model’s gown with the strap being firmly secured on her shoulder. But, the damage was already done, and if he and his model had hoped for acclaim the ensuing reviews were most disappointing. Madame Gautreau's reputation was lost, and even though Sargent withdrew the work and subsequently renamed it as Madame X. Even so, his reputation was damned. He was  forced to leave Paris in ignominy to set up a new studio in London – where he soon achieved enormous success.
But, Sargent never lost faith in that portrait, once writing, “I suppose it is the best thing that I have ever done.” 

He displayed it in various exhibitions and eventually sold it to the American Metropolitan Museum of Art for the sum of $1000. The VV wonders what is worth today.

Another full-sized sketch remains on display in London's Tate Britain - where one of the straps on Virginie’s gown is still salaciously removed.


  1. Love that story. Singer is astonishing!

  2. Thank you, Cynthia - I think his work is stunning, though some critics now deride his figurative work as being cliched.

  3. Gorgeous. I adore his figurative work. and please allow me to be very mature and say phooey on the critics.

  4. I love Sargent's works, and am particularly interested in how this Victorian influenced Edwardian art. But here is the interesting bit. I have used Madame X as one of my models for teaching, but had no idea that it was so unfavourably reviewed in Paris. What a strange world, the art world was.

  5. Thank you, Kate and Hels.

    It is a curious thing, Hels - especially as Manet had already exhibited a nude.

    But, I read an interesting article once suggesting that sexuality was accepted if a model was poor or a prostitute, but to flagrantly expose such licentiousness in one of the wealthier classes was simply taking things too far!

  6. It's a remarkable portrait - I'm glad that the subject was pleased with the result (and so she should be).