Saturday, 16 March 2013

ARE YOU A WITCH OR ARE YOU A FAIRY? ARE YOU THE WIFE OF MICHAEL CLEARLY?...


A SAINT PATRICK'S DAY GUEST POST BY D. E. MEREDITH

                                                 AUTHOR OF THE DEVIL'S RIBBON


I can see my Grandad now, his hair like a lopsided thatch, leaning forward, crooking a finger at me, his nails encrusted with mud from all that spud digging, and telling my seven year old self, “Come closer, for I’ve a story to tell.” My God, I was mad for those yarns back then, hanging onto his every word, the soft Irish rain falling like steel outside. There’d be tea on the stove, a slice of buttery soda bread melting in that greedy mouth of mine, and the old sheep dog, Rover would be lolling on the porch, yawning, showing off his liver spotted gums, knowing if he ventured any further in and out of the rain, my Granny would take her broom to him, with a harsh, “Get out, Rover. Get out now, dog...” Meanwhile, I’d remain with bated breath, wanting only one sort of story .

A fairy story.

But it was nothing to do with those flittering Tinkerbell types who gave you three wishes or left money for your milk teeth, because I was a melancholic child, a lover of banshees, devils and ghosts. And Irish fairies were irksome, wicked types, who’d sour the milk, stop the hens from laying, even lame a farmer’s cattle and if they were feeling very malevolent, they’d replace your baby with a changeling. Fays and shape shifters who’d creep into the farmhouse, upturn a pail, kick over some pans for good measure and then sneaking up to a crib, peel back the covers and take the child, leaving something evil behind. Sure, it’d looked like your own but it was a horrible, evil creature who’d bring nothing but bad luck. 

An Arthur Rackam illustration for Irish Fairy Tales

When I was a little girl, I believed in fairies. I’d spend all day up at the fairy fort in the shadow of the Cuilcagh Mountains, watching and waiting but keeping my head down, lest they see me because God knows if I was to cross them, I’d be dragged down into the Fay World forever. So no surprises then when my Grandad started up with, “Are you a witch or are you a fairy? Are you the wife of Michael Cleary?” that my mouth was agape and you could have heard a pin drop.

Once Upon A Time... 

Young Irish women in their hooded cloaks

There was a fine looking woman called Bridget Clearly who came from a town called Ballyvadlea. She was seamstress who wore velvet skirts and feathers in her bonnet, turning many a man’s head with her graceful figure. And like most country woman, Bridget kept hens and could often be seen wandering with a wicker basket full of fresh eggs for her friends and neighbours, crooked over her arm and taking the long route around the town, across verdant fields and up past the fairy fort on the Kylenagranagh Hill.

It was 1895 and it had been a long, cold winter, the coldest on record and after one of her jaunts, just a few days before St Patrick’s Day, poor Bridget must have caught a chill in that blustery, freezing weather because she was taken very ill. Her husband, Michael Clearly who was cooper, made her a pot of tea when she finally got home and to told her she should take to her bed. But still she shivered, tossed and turned and the next day, Bridget complained of the most violent headache. She grew worse and developed such a raging temperature, she didn’t know where she was. 


Bridget Clearly and her husband

And as the week wore on and his wife became sicker, Michael Clearly summoned a doctor but for whatever reason, “yer man” didn’t come. Meanwhile, neighbours came and went to the cooper’s cottage, bringing with them food, good intentions and prayers. But all this time, Bridget didn’t improve but stayed her in bed, oblivious. Michael meanwhile, watched his wife getting sicker and sicker, more and more feverish by the minute. She was delirious, speaking in strange tongues and not knowing her own name. He feared for the worst, but then his cousins suggested he neededanother kind of doctor, altogether. They gave him the name of a man called Jack Dunne who they said was, “a miracle worker.”Others in the town called this old boy a “fairy doctor.” Jack Dunne was a weaver of spells, also known as a “shanachie” (a storyteller) and when he arrived at the cooper’s cottage, he asked to be taken to the sick woman’s bedroom, immediately.

His eyes were weak and though he’d never met the woman before, claimed he could see at once that Bridget Cleary was “not herself.” He’d heard, of course, that she was a well dressed woman but this creature was a terrible mess, with hair all over the place like some sort of banshee. So he told the husband, “Your wife’s not herself today. But I’ve something that will bring her back. Don’t you worry,” he said, because he knew the truth of her illness and this wasn’t Bridget Clearly at all.

She was gone, he said, “away with the fairies” and this creature, sweating and rambling before them, was a changeling.

Michael Clearly was beside himself and by now there was a crowd of men in the house, all chanting and swearing. Jack Dunne told the gathering to be quick and make a mixture of herbs and new milk, known as the “beestings” but Bridget wouldn’t drink it. Instead she screamed and she struggled.

“I want my wife back. Bring her back,” said the husband.

“I’ll bring her back alright,” said Jack Dunne, telling those gathered to make a fire in the kitchen, whilst instructing another heavier one to sit on her legs, so that her husband could yank open her mouth and tip the medicine down, whether she liked it or not.

“Take that, you rap!” said Jack Dunne.

While another shouted, “ Take it your old bitch or we’ll kill you!”

And the fairy doctor wailed incantations, as Bridget tried to fight and Jack Dunne insisted, “Away she go! Away she go!”

But none of it was working, so they dragged the poor woman into her kitchen, threw a bed pan of urine over her with, “Away with you. Away with you...” and then they slapped her really hard to drive the changeling out. “Who are you?” they screamed in her face but Bridget just sobbed and still didn’t know her name.

So, only one thing for it. Fire.

Fire would drive the fairy out and so Bridget was dragged towards a red hot poker which was burning in a grate.

“Away she go! Away she go!”

“Come home, Bridget in the name of God,” somebody cried, as they held her near the fire.

What happened next, nobody seems to know but Michael Clearly was found by a priest in the local church, a day or so later, kneeling in front of the alter, praying like a mad man and when the Father asked , “Is your wife alright, now? I heard she’d been sick,” Michael turned around with a wild look in his eyes, saying , “I had a very bad night, Father and when I woke up, my wife was gone. I’m think the fairies have taken her.”

But the Father wasn’t having any of this fairy nonsense and he called the police. And on that day, 22nd March 1895, the charred and mutilated body of Bridget Clearly was found nearby the fairy fort in a makeshift grave.

Postscript:

Michael Clearly and eight other people were charged with Bridget Cleary’s murder. The coroner confirmed death by burning, but also detected signs of previous abuse. There were rumours that this strong and independently minded woman had been meeting a lover up near the fairy fort, and that Michael Clearly had used this opportunity with his spurious claims of fairies, to get rid of troublesome wife who, after nine years of marriage, hadn’t even born him any children. Michael Clearly denied having murdered his wife, although he did admit to “driving out the fairy.” The real Bridget, he said, would soon be found at a nearby fairy ring riding a white horse, where he would be waiting to bring her home.

The ensuing investigation, legal battle and public scandal surrounding the case sparked a national furore at a time when Ireland’s ability to self-rule was being hotly contested. How, asked the English, could people who still believed in fairies be trusted to govern themselves ?

Luckily for Cleary, he met a lenient judge and although he burned his wife alive, he was convicted not of murder which carried the death sentence, but of the lesser sentence of manslaughter. He was sentenced to twenty years in prison. On receiving his sentence, it was reported that Michael Clearly wept bitterly, shouting from the dock, that he was innocent.

For more about this notorious case please see here, or read about the story in The Burning of Bridget Cleary. 




D E Meredith also features in:

THE VICTORIAN ORIGINS OF THE IRISH NATIONAL BROTHERHOOD

DEVOURED: A VICTORIAN CRIME MYSTERY

MR BRIGG'S HAT: REVIEW BY D E MEREDITH

6 comments:

  1. Ooh, what a creepy tale! I've heard or read many of the old traditional Irish folk and fairy tales but hadn't come across that one before. Poor Bridget!

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  2. Had to go buy the book now!

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  3. Wow, what a story! I was entranced! I love Irish tales and Irish writers and in general, the magical "Irish voice". Thanks for a great post.

    By the way, I've posted your link on my Victorian blog, "Victorian Scribbles".

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    1. Lovely feedback. And more via twitter. Thank you.

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    2. What a chilling tale, Terrifying, the things people will do in the name of irrational beliefs.

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